The Woman Who Would Be King: Hatshepsut's Rise to Power in Ancient Egypt

By Kara Cooney

An engrossing biography of the longest-reigning woman pharaoh in old Egypt and the tale of her audacious upward thrust to power.
Hatshepsut—the daughter of a basic who usurped Egypt's throne and a mom with ties to the former dynasty—was born right into a privileged position in the royal family, and she or he was once anticipated to endure the sons who might legitimize the reign of her father’s kinfolk. Her failure to provide a male inheritor was once eventually the accident that lead the way for her unbelievable rule as a cross-dressing king.  At simply over twenty, Hatshepsut ascended to the rank of pharaoh in an difficult coronation rite that set the tone for her unbelievable reign as co-regent with Thutmose III, the baby king whose mom Hatshepsut out-maneuvered for a seat at the throne. Hatshepsut was once a grasp strategist, cloaking her political energy performs within the veil of piety and sexual reinvention. simply as ladies this day face hindrances from a society that equates authority with masculinity, Hatshepsut shrewdly operated the levers of energy to come to be Egypt's moment lady pharaoh.

Hatshepsut effectively negotiated a course from the royal nursery to the very top of authority, and her reign observed one among historic Egypt’s such a lot prolific construction sessions. students have lengthy speculated as to why her monuments have been destroyed inside of a number of many years of her loss of life, all yet erasing facts of her remarkable rule. developing a wealthy narrative background utilizing the artifacts that stay, famous Egyptologist Kara Cooney bargains a striking interpretation of ways Hatshepsut swiftly yet methodically consolidated power—and why she fell from public prefer simply as quick. The girl Who will be King lines the novel lifetime of an almost-forgotten pharaoh and explores our complex reactions to ladies in power.

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What mattered was once the exhibit of her trust in and connection to the god—and that, in keeping with Hatshepsut and the clergymen of Amen, her rule used to be decreed through not anything under a divine revelation. 19 The oracle textual content is apparent on one element: Hatshepsut’s declare to strength got here no longer from her personal political ambition yet from her deep ideological dedication and piety to the god Amen-Re, seen to all during this such a lot public of competition ceremonies. Hatshepsut understood how you can show and wield ideological energy, even perhaps at a tender age.

The textual content says that no miracle occurred in any place of the king, might be suggesting one of those vacuum of ideological and political management. regardless of the cause of the inactivity, the god used to be momentarily powerless, directionless. Deep silence fell at the crowd, and folks began to ask yourself what they need to do. Palace courtiers bent their heads as in mourning. an individual there, or even it used to be the god himself, claimed that the clever males had turn into ignorant. And all over the god’s statue there has been surprised silence and profound worry, as though the god had deserted them totally.

There has been no cause of both of them to item to Hatshepsut’s rule on behalf of Thutmose III or at the grounds of gender. more durable to reply to is how the elites past Thebes—in towns like Memphis, Heliopolis, and Aswan—who subscribed to their very own protocols and cultural understandings, reacted to Hatshepsut’s accession. most likely Hatshepsut’s achieve used to be lengthy, simply because it appears she was once capable of impact officers even 1000's of miles away by means of lucrative dependability and trustworthiness with wealthy positions, and through punishing dissenters and complainers with forget and dismissal.

Deborah Lyons and Raymond Westbrook, eds. released on-line at www. chs. harvard. edu/. thirteen. For the statues of Min, see Barry Kemp, old Egypt: Anatomy of a Civilization (London: Routledge, 1991), 79–85, fig. 28. 14. This research isn’t thoroughly approved by means of students who see little proof of Merytamen serving as God’s spouse, yet see Lana Troy, styles of Queenship, Acta Universitatis Upsaliensus Boreas 14 (Uppsala: collage of Uppsala, 1986), 162–63. For a quick background of the God’s other halves of Amen within the early Eighteenth Dynasty, see Bryan, “Eighteenth Dynasty sooner than the Amarna Period,” 226–30, and Robins, ladies in historic Egypt, 149–56.

She, too, might pay for her pursuits. TEN misplaced Legacy After forty-two years of rule, Thutmose III was once now confronted with an identical difficulties of succession that had plagued his personal accession. If he selected a son from a queen of significant lineage, she could think empowered by means of contemporary precedent to contain herself in executive affairs, as Hatshepsut had performed. Thutmose had discovered his lesson, it kind of feels, and he used to be already within the means of curbing the workplace of God’s spouse of Amen, stripping its energy bit by bit, handing the name off to 1 of his daughters in order that he may perhaps larger wield regulate.

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