Origins: A Short Etymological Dictionary of Modern English

By Eric Partridge

This dictionary supplies the origins of a few 20,000 goods from the trendy English vocabulary, discussing them in teams that clarify the connections among phrases derived by way of quite a few routes from initially universal inventory. in addition to giving the solutions to questions about the derivation of person phrases, it's a interesting e-book to flick through, given that each web page issues out hyperlinks with different entries. you can still pursue such trails because the longer articles are written as non-stop prose essentially divided up by way of numbered paragraphs and subheadings, and there's a cautious approach of cross-references. as well as the most A-Z directory, there are broad lists of prefixes, suffixes, and components utilized in the construction of latest vocabulary.

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E. acuity . See ACUTE. acumen; acuminate, acumination; acuminous. Acumen, sharpness of brain, shrewdness, comes direct from L and represents acū-, the s of acūere, to sharpen+the suffix -men; the by-product LL acūmināre, to sharpen, has pp acūminātus, whence either ‘to acuminate’ and the adj acuminate, tapering to some degree; acuminous=acumin- (o/s of L acūmen) + adj suffix -ous. Cf ACUTE. Origins 28 acushla , AIr for ‘darling’: Ir a, the voc O+Ir cuisle, vein, pulse (of the heart): cf AIr cushlamochree (or -machree), for Ir cuisle mo chroidhe, vein of my center; cf additionally the F O, mon cœur!

A-Z 121 appal , appall. See light, para 2. appanage . See PANTRY, para 10. equipment : followed from L (gen -ūs), from apparāt-, s of apparātus, pp of apparāre, to organize: ap- for advert, to+parāre, to make prepared, s par-, app equivalent to parere (s par-), to bring about (a child): the sem hyperlink is apparent and robust. Cf: clothing , n and v. Then n comes, via ME aparail, from OF aparail, apareil (F appareil), itself from OF apareillier (F appareiller), to arrange, whence ‘to apparel’: and apareillier comes from VL *appariculāre, a freq from L apparāre—cf prec.

E. : CELERITY. Imm from L accelerātes, pp of accelerāre, to reason to move swifter; EF-F accélération and EF-F accélérateur, either from EF-F accélérer (from L accelerāre); the third time period, anl from ‘to accelerate’. accessory (n, as a result v); accentor, accentual; intensify, whence accentuator; accentuation. The potent foundation is living in L canere (s can-), to sing: cf CANTO. Resp, accessory, followed from MF-F, from L accentus (ad, to+cantus, a making a song, a song), from canere; accentor, followed from L (ad+cantor, a singer, from canere); accentual= accent+-ual (cf the -ual of sluggish with regards to arade); intensify, ML accentuātus, pp of accentuāre, from accentus; accentuation, followed from EF-F, from accentuātiōn-, o/s of ML accentuāteō, from accentuāre.

See sequence, para 6. Origins 164 assuage , assuagement, assuasive. See artful, para five. suppose , assumpsit, assumption, assumptive. See SUMPTION, para 2. insurance ; guarantee. See therapy, para 10. Assyrian . See SYRIA, para 2. astatics is the neg (Gr a-, no longer) of STATIC. aster , asterisk, asterism, asteroid, astral; astrolabe, astrology, astronomy. See celebrity, paras 5–7. A-Z a hundred sixty five astern . See the second STEER, para three. bronchial asthma : Gr bronchial asthma, perh from aenai, to respire difficult, for this reason difficultly; Gr adj asthmatikos, whence, through L asthmaticus and perh EF-F asthmatique, the E asthmatic.

PLAGUE. apostacy Origins a hundred and twenty or -sy; apostate: Gr apōstēnai, to face (stēnai: cf STAND) off (apo) has remarkable derivatives: apostasia, followed by way of LL, whence, perh via MF, the ME apostasie, E apostasy, var apostacy; and the agent apostatēs, whence L apostata, whence MF (later apostat), as a result ME accordingly E, apostate. apostil . See POSTERIOR, para three. apostle ; apostolate; apostolic. See STALL, para 15. apostrophe , apostrophize. See STRAP, para three. apothecary . See THESIS, para 7. apotheosis , whence apotheosize: through LL from Gr apotheōsis, from apotheoun, to deify (theos, a god: cf THEISM): apo- connotes ‘(up) from mankind’.

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