This e-book describes the Buddhism of India at the foundation of the comparability of all of the on hand unique assets in a variety of languages. It falls into 3 nearly equivalent components. the 1st is a reconstruction of the unique Buddhism presupposed by way of the traditions of different faculties recognized to us. It makes use of basically the verified tools of textual feedback, drawing out of the oldest extant texts of different colleges their universal kernel. This kernel of doctrine is possibly universal Buddhism of the interval earlier than the nice schisms of the fourth and 3rd centuries BC. it can be considerably the Buddhism of the Buddha himself, notwithstanding this can't be proved: at any fee it's a Buddhism presupposed through the colleges as current a couple of hundred years after the Parinirvana of the Buddha, and there's no facts to signify that it was once formulated through an individual except the Buddha and his instant fans. the second one half strains the advance of the 'Eighteen faculties' of early Buddhism, exhibiting how they elaborated their doctrines out of the typical kernel. right here we will be able to see to what quantity the Sthaviravada, or 'Theravada' of the Pali culture, between others, additional to or changed the unique doctrine. The 3rd half describes the Mahayana circulation and the Mantrayana, the best way of the bodhisattva and how of formality. the connection of the Mahayana to the early faculties is traced intimately, with its possible association to at least one of them, the Purva Saila, as advised by way of the consensus of the proof. specific recognition is paid during this publication to the social educating of Buddhism, the half which pertains to the 'world' instead of to nirvana and which has been commonly missed in smooth writings Buddhism.